What is QA Testing?
Software Testing Quality Assurance exists to ensure that the product is built correctly without requiring too many revisions. A good QA process specifies criteria clearly, offers testers a solid understanding of the features and provides a roadmap for how to proceed.
Testing should not be performed after development, but rather in conjunction with it. Test code as soon as it is committed to the repository, rather than waiting for the full website or app to come together.
QA testing should be done with care and that is why clear-cut procedures are required to perform a great QA process. In this article, you will learn the processes involved in Quality Assurance testing. To have a more in-depth understanding of these procedures, you should consider enrolling in a QA online certification course.
The remarkable procedures in the article serve as a blueprint for specialists to present hypotheses, results, comprehension, and various stages of the Quality Assurance process. Let’s jump into it.
QA Testing Processes
1. Requirements should be analyzed.
Fixing a bug found during testing is more expensive than just preventing it during the requirements design stage. Software requirements, both functional and non-functional, should be analyzed and defined by quality assurance professionals. Consistent, thorough, verifiable, and indicated requirements must be presented to QA. This aids the QA team in creating tests that are specific to the software under test. They check the requirements and paperwork for the following things: completeness, accuracy, and timeliness.
The goal is to look for flaws in the system design and technologies.
The following are some of the most important advantages for the development process:
- When errors are caught early on, they are less expensive.
- Better documentation translates to a higher-quality project with less labor input and more precise estimations.
Consider using specialized software for document review, such as Confluence, for this phase. You can compile all relevant documentation that will be used during the project and keep track of it in an internal knowledge base. Any modifications to any requirements or documents are visible to every team member as soon as they are made.
2. Make a test schedule.
The QA team begins running the test cases once the development stage is completed. The primary purpose of this stage is to ensure that the solution has been appropriately built from a technical standpoint and that it fits the initial product owner’s expectations.
The information gathered during the requirements analysis step is utilized to plan the tests that are required. The software testing strategy, scope of testing, project budget, and deadlines should all be included in the test plan. It should also specify the types and degrees of testing that are necessary, as well as the procedures and tools for issue tracking, and assign resources and duties to individual testers.
3. Create the tests
After the requirements have been established, it’s time to start thinking about test cases, which are descriptions of the actions that QA engineers take to ensure that the software works as expected. You can also use special tools like TestRail or Zephyr to write test cases if the volume of such cases becomes large. Both pieces of software let you create and modify tests, as well as track results with metrics.
QA teams must now create test cases and checklists that cover all of the software requirements. Conditions, data, and the actions required to validate each functionality must all be included in each test case. Every test must also include a definition of the intended test outcome so that testers can compare actual findings to them.
This is also the stage where the staging environment is prepared for execution. In terms of hardware, software, and network configurations, this environment should be quite similar to the production environment. Other features, such as databases and system settings, should be closely replicated as well. To have a firm understanding of how to create tests, you could check for a project-based online QA course.
4. Tests must be carried out and defects must be reported.
Unit tests are performed by developers at the beginning of the testing process. The QA team then conducts tests at the API and UI levels. Manual testing is carried out following test cases that have been previously defined. All discovered flaws are entered into a defect tracking system. Test automation engineers can also run test scripts and generate reports using an automated test framework like Selenium, Cypress, or Appium.
When a QA engineer finds a bug, he or she logs it into a bug tracking system, which also serves as a project management tool. Jira or Redmine, both extremely configurable applications, can be used for this purpose. They make it simple to track issues of any severity, from a malfunctioning login form to security issues, and they provide real-time task updates to all team members. This helps preserve a clear perspective of the improvement process and streamlines communication within the team.
The development team assigns a priority rating to each issue, ranging from urgent to low, and then resolves them based on time and resources available.
5.Re-tests and regression tests should be performed.
When a developer resolves a problem, the responsible QA engineers are notified and the issue is verified. When no problem is discovered, the ticket in the bug tracking system is closed. No bug can be marked as fixed until it has been verified.
After finding, submitting, and fixing issues, QA retest the functions to confirm that no anomalies were missed. They also run regression tests to ensure that the fixes haven’t broken any of the functions.
6. Carry out Release Testing
The QA team must identify the functionalities that are affected by these changes once developers provide a release notification that contains a list of already implemented features, fixed bugs, reoccurring issues, and limits. The team must next create redesigned test suites to cover the new build’s scope.
Smoke tests must also be performed by the QA team to guarantee that each build is stable. If the test passes, changed test suites are run, and finally, a report is created.
Apart from the aforementioned processes involved in QA Testing, the QA team also includes some aspects of the Development and QA processes, such as requirement analysis and review, implementation and test preparation, and even running multiple types of tests throughout development, and can all be done at the same time to save time. Many of which are detailed in an online QA training. Testing activities assist to measure the success of the corresponding development tasks during these concurrent stages. They are super important.